Uterine Fibroids: What You Need to Know
What exactly are uterine fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are the most common non-cancerous growths in a woman’s uterus. They can be as small as a pea or as big as a grapefruit. Fibroids also vary in shape and texture. For some women, fibroids may not cause any symptoms and go undetected until they’re found during an exam. But for others, fibroids can cause menstrual problems like heavy bleeding and cramping, pain during sex, and pressure or pain in the lower back or abdomen.
What causes uterine fibroids?
The exact cause of fibroids isn’t known. There are some factors that may lead to them, including genetic mutations, hormones, and inflammation.
Some women are at a higher risk for developing uterine fibroids because they are carriers of the gene that causes them. Women with endometriosis are also more susceptible to uterine fibroids. But doctors don’t know why these women have an increased risk of developing this condition.
How do we diagnose and treat uterine fibroids?
There are a number of different ways to diagnose and treat uterine fibroids. Fibroids can be detected and diagnosed during a routine pelvic exam and an ultrasound, which is considered the gold standard for diagnosis. Ultrasound can also be used to see how big the fibroid is, whether it’s in the uterus or outside it, and if there are any other abnormalities in the uterus. Once diagnosed, our doctors and expert staff will discuss treatment options with you based on your symptoms, age, and medical history.
Women with heavy bleeding will likely need surgery to remove their fibroids. Other women might want to try measures like oral contraceptives or progesterone therapy before opting for surgery. If you’re pregnant and have uterine fibroids, don’t worry: they won’t cause problems during pregnancy because they’re not cancerous.
If you are experiencing symptoms, or if you already know you have uterine fibroids and need help, please contact us right away.